take care, ensure represents a series of acts to ensure the satisfaction of a number of essential needs for life, with the aim of rolling back to the death, in old age, got the progress and improvement of the conditions of life for human beings. Therapeutic orientation were in two lines of conduct major that are repeated in all cultures. Empiricism which resulted in surgical treatments, drugs, dietary resources, massages and baths; the magic, represented by spells, exorcisms, offerings to gods, prayers and sacrifices. In the middle-aged monasteries became centers of culture and of assistance to the sick. In each of them there was a hospital with rooms of men by men and women with charge room women. In the Renaissance and in particular from century XVI began to feel a concern to organize the intended parties cures and edited the first manuals aimed at women (midwives and birth attendants) who exercised this activity.
But it was not until the arrival of Florence Nightingale (S. (19Th), who defined what is and what is not nursing, and insisted that the training of nurses was essential to provide good care for the patient, and promoted the creation of the first schools in England. From that moment would arise gradually the development of studies of nursing in Europe, through different stages to the present situation that we know today. Social context toward the infirmary. Training in nursing, as in many other disciplines, has adapted to the changes that occurred in the context of the health sciences. Integration in 1977 of the studies of nursing at the University marked a turning point in the transition from the discipline nurse from a more technical stage to a professional career. It is at this time when there is a new concept of health and its relationship with the quality of people’s lives, which would be reflected in an orientation more holistic cures for nursing.