"I'm like Jesus, I do my back hurt so much!" – Sung by the famous Austrian singer Wolfgang Ambros. According to studies, every patient in the course of his medical history can at least agree with that sentence, as in Western countries has become even back to a widespread disease. With every seventh patient with back pain, the diagnosis of herniated disc is ". Function of the human spinal disc is composed of a large number of vertebrae, which are supported by the so-called intervertebral disc into each other. These discs only allow the flexibility of our spine is provided. The disc itself is composed of a cartilaginous outer ring surrounding a core gallertarigen.
This design allows both the flexibility of the spine as well as the attenuation of the shock between vertebral segments. When the herniated disc term "slipped disc" must be due to the injury of the intervertebral disc (s) be a subdivision into 3 types: 1 TheDisk protrusion of intervertebral disc protrusion at the disc remains intact in itself. Only the core of the disc is deformed and presses the cartilaginous outer ring, which is deformed by the pressure well. 2. In this type of disk herniation occurs in a part of the gelatinous core of the intervertebral disc. Since the withdrawal of the core is still not connected to the beaten core liquid encapsulation takes place. 3. As prolapse during the sequestration here is a withdrawal of the core instead of taking the exit from the inner core, however, split off and encapsulated.
In each of these 3 cases may be caused by the injury to the intervertebral disc (s) to a pressure on the nerve roots that are the spinal cord or nerve fiber bundles, which can lead to various (often painful) symptoms. The exact nature of the injury can be determined by means of contrast) by the doctor by radiography, computed tomography, or myelogram (X-ray. The symptoms of a herniated disc symptoms of a herniated disc can vary. fail Depending on the affected area, the symptoms of arm or leg pain over numbness, muscle weakness, paralysis of individual muscle groups rich, spasms, bladder paralysis, lack of control of bladder and bowel function to complete paralysis of the leg muscles. Those who complained about persistent back pain and felt one or more symptoms of this nature, it is strongly advised to seek medical attention. The causes The most common reasons for a slipped disc many years are over-or improper loading of the spine as it is for example in the case of any kind of professional groups who exercise their activities voraberwiegend sitting. In some cases, a certain family history, the reason for the injury to the intervertebral discs. Among the "risk groups" is one especially people in the age of 30 and 50 years and women during pregnancy or obese people. These are especially at risk due to an overload of the spine. What can I do? Theconservative therapy currently exists in the medicine two forms of therapy. The "conservative therapy" is guaranteed by bed rest at first, that the spine is relieved. Simultaneously, by drug treatment, the release of muscle tension and relieving pain. Subsequently, a physiotherapy treatment takes place, which through various treatments (massage, electrical stimulation therapy) a discharge of the spine to the goal. Among the more conservative method further includes the "epidural injection", which are administered under the millimeter computer-tomographic guidance analgesic, anti-inflammatory drugs and gewebsveradende to the painful nerve root. This leads to a reduction of which takes place around the nerve root "mechanical inflammation and a swelling of the nerve. The surgical treatment today is just more acute mass incidents accompanied by paralysis, or after failed conservative treatment, aOperation advised. Since traditional open surgical procedures are fraught with unpredictable risks and take a longer stay in the hospital with them were so-called minimally invasive procedures developed for the operation. These procedures can indeed be easily implemented out-patient and relative, but only for people who had previously not yet have surgery on the respective disc. Among the now popular method of minimally invasive surgery,: 1 Laser ablation of the disc: This surgical procedure is only suitable for simple, fresh incidents. This measure is based on the principle of volume reduction in the area of the disc using a medical laser is carried out. 2. Microsurgery Surgery: Through a small incision is cut out using a microscope, the herniated disc. They are by far not the only surgical procedure to remove a herniated disc, but the gentlest from a medical point of view. conclusion: If you want to prevent a herniated disc, which shouldfirst and foremost a lot of liquid ingest. The discs are like a sponge that absorbs the body fluid in itself. The more tense the sponge is full, the lower the probability that the disc nucleus is damaged. The herniated disc is already fact, it helps in the simple case of a discharge of the spine through targeted training of the back or in the worst case an operation.