Polyunsaturated fatty acids are divided into two groups – a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-6 (linoleic and gamma-linolenic fatty acids) and Omega-3 (alpha-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic fatty acids). The main sources of omega-6 fatty acids are sunflower, corn, soybean and cottonseed oil (60-80% PUFAs). Sources of Omega-3 fatty acids are flax, camelina and soy oil and fish oils (60-90% PUFAs). Unique in its properties is mare's milk, which contains fatty acids like Omega-3 and Omega-6. Mare's milk markedly initiate immunity, both antibodies (specific protection against viruses and bacteria) and non-specific factors that provide protection against the penetration into the body of infections. Mare's milk and mare's milk is traditionally used as a treatment for tuberculosis, but only in the 21 th century, scientists discovered the secret of this tool. We must remember that all must be respected balance.
Surplus of one or another type of pufa as unacceptable as the shortage. The correct ratio of pufa family of omega-6 to omega-3 is important for providing the desired level of immunity, prevention atherosclerosis and hypertension. The optimal ratio is 5:1 to 10:1. If the body lacks pufa may cause a number of unfavorable changes associated primarily with metabolic disorders fats have adverse effects on other types of metabolism (protein, water and salt, phosphorus-calcium). As a result of these disorders in children can form disorders of the nervous system. They lag behind in physical and neuro-psychological development, there are persistent, hard to treat allergic skin diseases. In adults, the lack of pufa leads to the development of hypertension, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes during acute diabetes, immunodeficiency develops.