Mother and stepmother Spring came and went during the harvest herbs. The very first on thawed and hills appear coltsfoot. It can be harvested as early as April. About it today and we'll talk. "PORTRAIT" plants generic name of Latin tussis – Cough, agree – cast out, cast out, farfarus – the Latin name of the mother-and-stepmother from far – flour, fero – bear. Perennial herb 10-25 cm tall, with small yellow reed flowers, gathered in a basket. Leaves large, orbicular-cordate, sinuate-toothed, lower belovoylochnye, above the green. The underside of the leaves soft and warm, and the top – hard and cold, and why there was the Russian name of the plant – coltsfoot.

Leaves appear just after flowering. Blossoms in March – early May. It grows on moist sandy or clay soil along the banks of rivers, ponds, ditches, the ravines, fields almost everywhere in the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, in Siberia, the Far East and Central Asia. With the purpose of treatment the leaves, at least – flower baskets. Harvest flower baskets in March – April, leaves – in the first half of summer, them or cutting off up to half of the petiole. Should not be collect the young leaves, pubescent above. Medicinal properties Medicinal properties of plants were known in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. Dioscorides and Pliny the Elder recommended a decoction of leaves with pulmonary diseases and cough. Hippocrates also used coltsfoot as an expectorant and as a powder with an abscess.

The beginning of a feast – is an art to house owners. One must not only meet and take guests, but also of interest, arrange them to communicate, to help relax and tune in to the festive mood. Here, a good assistant to you will be an aperitif – an easy drink, appetitive. This name comes from the French word aperire, which means "open." Indeed, an aperitif as well start any event that has long fell in love all over the world. When and who invented this drink is known for certain, in the history of no more precise information.

We know only what was originally aperitifs used in medicine as a tonic. Produced this drug by fermenting fruit in alcohol. Today, however, the recipe has not changed much, it only began to add some ingredients and distilled. Real connoisseur beverage consider themselves French, No wonder the French aperitif – the most sophisticated in the world. It's not just the original cocktail, as a ritual.

In the sixties he sang in the literature and cinema, drinking an aperitif before dinner, it was fashionable and talk about good taste. Today, these drinks have retained their popularity in Europe and in Russia. A glass of light drinking quenches thirst and liberating. However, this need not be alcohol, do not have less effect soda, lemon, orange, tomato and pomegranate juices, and even just chilled water. In general, apperetivy can be divided into three types: – single (consisting of one drink, for example, vermouth and champagne) – combined (a few different drinks offered to guests with a tray) – mixed (usually wine or soft drinks). What kind of alcohol made to file before the celebration? In small numbers offer a bitters, vodka, brandy, gin, spirits of wine. In addition, guests will lift the mood of a glass of champagne, liqueur, brandy and vermouth with ice. In cold weather you can use the grog, mulled wine or punch. If you are preparing an aperitif in the home, remember that the drink should be transparent, slightly sour or bitter, but in any case not sharp. Depending on the recipe, the components are pouring in pre-chilled glass, stir with a spoon and a bar offer guests. It is considered that the aperitif should have a dry spicy taste, but in most cases it all depends on your preferences or traditions. Thus, Japanese begin to feast with green tea, Kyrgyzstan – koumiss and Finns – milk. But regardless of type, aperitifs necessarily served on a tray, covered with snow-white napkin. Hard liquor is poured into small glasses of 35 grams, cocktails – in a glass of tumblers, brandy – a pear-shaped glasses, and wine – a glass of Madeira, 75 oz. By aperetivam serves snacks, which should not interrupt the taste of the drink. It can be fruit, canapes or nuts. Decorate the glasses can lemon or orange zest and serve with straws. These drinks are just made for a bright start any holiday, thanks to proper preparation aperitif, your guests will long remember this occasion.

Since ancient times relationship of man with nature and with the stone as an integral part of it. Rocks and minerals – is not only amazing gifts of nature and the material for jewelry. Stones have different properties. People always great respect the powerful and mysterious forces of precious stones. They endowed the stones magical and healing properties.

The strength of stone or mineral affects the whole person and separately on certain organs. The correct choice of the stone helps to heal from a variety of ailments. Each stone has its specific properties and represents a certain protection for the rights. Rocks and minerals are very responsive to the behavior human, and sometimes obitchivy, and in response to injustice stones may even change their color. Go to any stone should be treated with care. Stone must love. Stone shall be for a person something special, unusual, nearest and dearest.

To him should be treated with due respect and then he will reciprocate show all their properties. It is known that minerals have medicinal properties of the energy vibration. At certain periods of stones show their magical properties. Actions stone is largely determined by its purity and integrity. Stones with cracks, defects, bubbles, muddy areas amplify negative qualities. In order to effect stone or mineral, was palpable, it is necessary to pay attention to the selection of a stone. It should be borne in mind, and how the stone came to the owner. Stolen stones can bring great misfortune.

Wild herbs are collected by many. Mass unskilled collecting them has led to what is now increasingly difficult to meet the desired plant. Is ruthless destruction of natural resources, and few people care about their preservation and augmentation. Forgotten unwritten law: sobval one plant – plant ten. Would like to see everyone before collecting plants, a thorough study of them.

This will help to distinguish these from similar to them, poisonous or not with the right medicinal properties. Harvesting of medicinal plants are an early vesnTy until late autumn. This takes into account the environment area, where they grow. Collect them away from highways, industrial enterprises. You can not harvest the plants in the fields, where the use of mineral fertilizers, pesticides. We must also consider the radiation purity of the district. It should be remembered that the medicinal plants, as well as on everything else, there are fruitful and years. Do not make harvesting of grasses from year to year in the same place – they should play their natural resources.

If this year you did a great harvesting of a plants do not store it in the next – the raw material of the last year has almost the same properties as the previous one. The term of his life – 2-3 years. It is also necessary to remember that the grass at the site collection is not completely pull out, some copies are left for the conservation of natural resources. The value of raw material depends on the accumulated in the plants biologically active substances, and their presence – on the soil where they grow, the period piece.